(The following document was provided by the great Medival scholar known only to us as Dumb Post. While it may sound a bit derogatory as English, it is actually a transcription of a now lost language that only appears to mimic English. Keep in mind that while this appendix is steeped in scholarly research and minute investigation of ancient sources, it may yet contain information that leads down that path we all fear. Read with care, ready to turn your mind to thoughts more safe and secure should you find yourself drawn into places one is better off avoiding. And yet…and yet…the lure of knowledge is so……strong….)
“Canst thou draw out leviathan with a fish-hook? or press down his tongue with a cord?
Canst thou put a ring into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a hook?
Will he make many supplications unto thee? or will he speak soft words unto thee?
Will he make a covenant with thee, that thou shouldest take him for a servant for ever?”
It is with some trepidation that one embarks into fields of which ones knowledge is even more superficial (unlikely as it may seem) than that of the Latin West: due both to one’s personal obligations to certain subjects of that matter, & recollection of Lalla Qafia, so aptly described by one of that saintly Jewish Lady`s own venerators, as “….A black stone. You can slaughter even a hundred cows near it and not a drop of blood will leak from the stone: it drinks all the blood”.
(Of course, being a fellow mortal, rather than a deity, she will not consume her equals; even so).
One of the blessings of the Internet is swift exchange of views; more than usually, one would encourage readers of this text to be free with their commentary & correction: why, one may even credit any worthwhile words, publicly!
R. Benjamin of Tudela`s Sefer ha-Masa`ot is a key text to the world of Sephardism in medieval times, one transcending both that of the Christian & the Moslem, & relatively easy to grasp by us post-medivals, considering it’s genre. Finally, Mr. Issac Bashevis Singer`s “The Dead Fiddler”, though taking place in a corner of Israel somewhat alien to our purposes, is still the best treatment of Lovecraftian themes within its holy confines one has yet encountered.
Even the place from which the sephardi name first originated is not, today at least, locatable on a map; the closest they got to a cultural center was the Exilarch of Babylon; theirs was a borderlands existence, tottering on the edge of other nations & faiths. Yet this very implacability made Judezmo scribes vital to the transference of knowledge from the Arab world to that of the Latins. Their sole sovereignty was that of the Word: it may well have been the subgroup of Sephardism that we nominate the Italkim, that embellished the globe with such wondrous practical jokes as “The Letter of Prester John”. What is more, the Jewish mystics were willing to operate with the concept of multiple realities (even if “merely” as symbolic stages of creation), in contradistinction to Aristotelian Scholastics busy building the Earthly Jerusalem out of stained glass & gunpowder. Judezmo, much as the Latins, would have doubted that the Kitab Al Azif’s supernumerary “dragon planet” be proper astronomy; but their kabbalistic neoplatonists had the option of reading it as “Qliphoth”, or “Yuggoth”.
They were the true “medival metaphysicians”.
Jewish tomes have become foundational to a variety of non – hebraic cultures, a source of some cultural tension; much as how the “Dreamlands” myth-cycle became an object of modern scholarly study before that of Angells “Cthulhu Mythos”, or, for that matter, the distortion of both by the occult mainstream. The lands of Dream have been associated with those of Jewery since the time of Joseph ben Israel, with a special focus on contacting sages that have passed away from this world, but still persist Beyond.
What, then, was their relationship to that most infamous Book of the Dead, the Necronomicon
-Grünbaum, “Sprach-und Sagenkunde,” p. 72, Berlin, 1901
One will not speak of the Nephilim. 
But the Ammonite “Zamzum- mim”, the Buzzers, the dreaming and gigantic dead, are not friends of silence. Medival meta- physicians & philopseudological orientalists may compare with such clairaudient wilderness oracles as Abdul Alhazred’s howling desert Djinni (explained as the sound of nocturnal insects), & the “Winged Ones” of Eli Davenport`s monograph on Vermont wilderness folklore (ditto); but what makes the Buzzers of special interest is that they in this particular instance are confounded with undead Old Ones; a somewhat unusual hybrid – the only other examples that come to mind being the shade of Faunus, venerated as the sylvan echo Fatuus, at least as he is described in the Aeneid (though only resounding in dreams); & the 20-century custom of randomly recording the supposed voices of dead souls, EVP.
Neither of these conflations are likely to have influenced a pre-electronic man of Greek letters such as Theodorus Philetas.
It does start to seem quite likely, however, especially considering their role as intermediaries between Christianity & Islam, & the otherwise isolationist stance held by the Byzantines, that he either had Jewish slave-scribe assistants, or even was of Judaeic background himself; & that Old Testament traditions of these Buzzers is the origin of the very title “Necronomicon”, rather than a more cautiously orthodox translation from the Arabic, such as “Empty Echo of the Infidels”, or “Barbarian Buzzings”. We Medival Metaphysicians may have to brave the genizoth.
“Noisome beasts come into the world for vain swearing; and for profanation of the NAME.”
-Verse 14, Book V, of the Pirqe Aboth, Charles Taylor translation.
But was Pope Gregory IX, then, justified in his condemnation of the Talmud?
Sir Hansen Poplan would go further; proclaiming that Aten, the sun-God, be an avatar of Necronomic Yog-Sothoth Itself, & that Abba Moshe had released The Omnipresent One from under a “seal” of sorts, on the mountain of Sin, the moon-deity.
One cannot help wondering what the blood-soaked idolators of Yag-Shutath, alongside Al-Azrad, not to mention Al-Khadhulu, would have made of being counted amongst the followers of He who forbade murder & polytheism.
In the bold tradition of the early 20th century, Sir Hansen did not see fit to quote any sources for his logic-defying postulates; though the influence of Dr. Freud’s more “advanced” theories, as well as those of Gottfried Christian Voigt & Etienne-Laurent de Marigny is evident in his writings; at least de Marigny could partake in Sir Hansens excuse, shell-shock.
Predictably, there is no known example of an Hebrew or Aramaic “Book considering (or classifying) the dead”, & the Spanish Necronomicon is decidedly post-sephardic. But one needs not restrict oneself to merely negative evidence.
“I shall look upon man no more among the inhabitants of Chadhel”
-Isiah XXXVIII:11, Sadowsky´s version
“Only by the looped cross, by the Vach-Viraj incantation, and by the Tikkoun elixir may he be driven back to the nighted caverns of hidden foulness where he dwelleth.”
-Kester Necronomicon, Leigh translation.
Tikkoun is the French transliteration of the Hebrew תיקון, customarily spelt “Tikkun” in the English. Our source for this, Michael Leigh, is somewhat skew-whiff; as can be told from his Montague Summers-like slander of Abigail Prinn, whom any reasonable gentleman must needs assume was a martyr to blackest ignorance. However, he at least invested large amounts of his own money in the piling up of information for posterity, which is more than can be said of Henri-Laurent “de Marigny”, self-proclaimed “son”, “re-incarnation”, or “time-travelling robot clone” of the elder de Marigny, depending on the severity of his delirium tremens. According, then, to the voluble Henri, the Tikkoun Elixir is simply holy water; a view politely ignored by actual professionals in the field, who tend towards the more practical view that it be muriatic acid.
Both the name & the elixir are of too developed metaphysical & chemical origins to have been in the Kitab Al Azif, especially now that the attribution to Abu Musa Jābir ibn Hayyān of inventing the chemical component has been judged spurious. Indeed, that specific factor would make Jewish involvement in Olaus Wormius translation a distinct possibility, were it not for the difficulty of identifying ancient chemistry, & the acids Byzantine associations.
As for “tikkun”, Hebraists commonly use the phrase “tikkun olam” “the cleansing of a World”; in Zoharic commentary, it is what will be done to “The Kings of Edom” when the Third Temple  be rebuilt. As unto the Buzzers, the Edomites were a pre-Judaeic people with a quite flexible sense of national loyalty; used by sephardi for prefiguring the Roman & Byzantine Empires. The Edomite “monarchs”, on the other hand, were believed to be the blasphemous remains of destroyed universes, who wished this current Creation ill. The Sephardic attitude to the Necronomicon “mythos” thus seems entirely clear: the ilk of Chadhel are a foulness beyond reality itself, to be disinfected, by means most severe.
Theodores Philates Geonim translators would, indeed, have had to been slaves.
As for the Dreamland mythos direct connection to Jewish mysticism, I must admit to have found merely a single source, & a queer one, at that.
There have been some eyebrows raised at de Vercheres extensive studies of The Grimoire of Golden Dreams, due to its obvious status as a hoax, one typical of the Bibliothèque bleue period; however, he has also received some degree of recognition, even from notables such as Dornly, for his throwing light on otherwise extinct sources thereby. The very form of the Manuscript, itself, is redolent of age. Its layout & illumination (enriched by amounts of gold leaf worthy of the Dark Ages, but, queerly enough, applied to remarkably poor quality parchment, even paper by its latter half) depend on 13-century techniques otherwise thought to have been lost by the time of its 18-century unearthing; its language, a mix of technically precise Scholastic Latin & medival French vulgarities.
It claims to be the “Record & Justification” of a certain “Charles the Sorcerer” (a figure otherwise notorious in the folklore of Normandy, Belgium & Denmark; indeed, Dostmann considers him to be the origin of the Scandinavian term “Trold-Karl”); who, after achieving nothing less than the Philosophers Stone, source of wealth & youth eternal, then spent 600 years of his bodily life hidden away in a secret room under a provincial French fortress. He gives us III reasons for this exceptional lifestyle: primus, peaceful prayer for the perfection of his soul; secundus, a sworn oath of revenge, to murder all male heirs of the noble lineage holding the fortress in fief, at the age of 32; & tertius, entertaining drug-fired visions “beyond even Sir Scipio”.
Visions that sprang from the ingestion of Vinum Sabbati, a recipe The Sorcerer admits, after considerable self-justifying digressions, that he found within the forbidden tome “In Praise of The Undead”.
Visions of the bejewelled Empire of Sarnath.
The first thing to be noticed was that his seeing-glasses had transformed into a chaplet of silvered laurel. (Upon his awakening, he would first be perturbed by the obvious fact that the world he had been in was flat: even more, that he had not been perturbed by this fact whilst there.)
The second, fear and flight from the river Sabbatyon, for in that hour the Sabbath had ended.
The first human inhabitants of that flat world he found were the Lost Tribes of Israel; namely, the tribe of Dan, adorned with Jacinth; the tribe of Zebulun, crowned with amethyst; the tribe of Asher, armoured in chalcedony; and the tribe of Naphtali, glorified by sapphires. But they were not the first sentients; for Nargis-Hei, Emperor of Sarnath, prized the nose-less Sons of Ghuz, the Kofar-al-Turak, with raw unclean flesh to relieve the IV Tribes by the river Sabbatyon, during the sabbath; they, though idolaters of the west wind, being nevertheless very friendly towards the Israelites. That this was less than fortunate for intruders from the Waking World did not, in the nature of things, disturb the dreams of Nargis-Hei, Emperor of Sarnath.
The Sorcerers vociferous prayers to his patron saint, St. Ibidus, did not go unheard; at least not by the Jewish warrior-maid guard relief. They brought him before another Dreamer of the Waking World, Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia, who had risen to high position by application of the mysteries of the Book of Creation. Abulafia was initially somewhat bemused at this sulpherous mode of adventure into The Lands of Dream, but expressed some sympathy upon hearing that it had been advised by what he called the “Qliphothim”, malicious but able ghost-liars. He gently suggested that Charles instead embrace truth, in particular, the truths of the Sephiroth, considering their evident veracity; though his regard for same also obliged him to point out that this would prevent The Sorcerers return, due to sabbaterianism. The latter, alongside his gratitude to St. Ibidus, & certain Judaic initiatory surgical requirements, gave the Frenchman reason to pause; even though he had to agree that the holiday quiet of the cataclysmic river Sabbatyon, not to mention Abulafias’ actualization of a (circumcised) bullock out of thin air, was most convincing. He had a week of theological dispute; coming close to panic when he found himself unable to contemplate, let alone discuss, The Hypostatic Union. Abulafia attempted to console him, explaining that he, himself, had parallel metaphysical limitations as regarded the transcendent aspects of Judaism, in the Lands of Dream; & that they could be in some measure overcome through mystic symbolism & personification. The self-proclaimed IV Tribes, he revealed, where actually semi-composed of refugees from, in the case of the Danites, the fall of Queen Judith; The Naphtali, the fall of the Priest-Queen Lalla Dihya.& thus, could persist in a tradition of saintly veneration.
It would be tasteless to name the meat with which the desperate Sorcerer, to escape what he held to be a vision of Limbo, bribed the pagan Sons of Ghuz at the following sabbath. His return to consciousness gave little rest; he complained of having become “a foolish follower of Dame Habonde”.
A week later, he was bodily stolen away to the Lands of Dream by a “Griffin”. 
Some effort was then made by the Jewery of Dreams, to explain the nature of their world. Charles found the theory of The Earthly Paradise not convincing, in this case; if anything, that ought to be Kadath-in-Leng . He was slightly more inclined to the idea that, whilst the Creator had used Prose when Speaking waking Earth into existence, He had waxed Poetic in dreams.
Finally, the Tribes were summoned out of the Tanarian Hills, to raid the Vaults of Zin, for wine to celebrate the thousandth year of the destroying of Ib. What befell The Daughters of Deborah & the Sons of Ghuz, Charles, at least, did not claim to know; but it is written in the grey scrolls of Teloth that the only things now alive in Zin are the nose-less, brain-less cannibal Ghasts.
Fortunately so; when The Sorcerer was left behind, with other non-combatants, in the timeless Naraxa river valley, he also left the subject-matter of this appendix; thus liberating my readers from the details of how he there found the philosophers stone, source of unlimited youth & gold, lies both pedantically technical & obscene. Mermaids, indeed! Not to mention the several centuries worth of further hallucinatory exploration. It is best to, as did R. Benjamin, simply identify Zin with China; The Grimoire of Golden Dreams has nothing more to say about Jews.
-Dedicated to the Memory of Avram, who taught me to place a stone on a Jewish grave with my left hand.
Further Tulpa Biobibliography
de Vercheres, Leon: sub-librarian of Paris U. asked to find Ghoulish section of Necronomicon, that had otherwise been deleted with “curious uniformity” from Harvard & Miskatonic U. versions. Goes mad, attempts burning of N, incarcerated. -From Nov 18, 1930 AD H.P. Lovecraft letter to Clark Ashton Smith.
 “By Their smell can men sometimes know Them near, but of Their semblance can no man know, saving only in the features of those They have begotten on mankind; and of those are there many sorts, differing in likeness from man’s truest eidolon to that shape without sight or substance which is Them.”
-Spanish Necronomicon, Armitage translation.
 The stone sarcophagus of king Og is of some interest in this context: one hopes it not be to ungentlemanly to draws parallels to Moroccan Lalla Qafia, mentioned in my apology, above, as well as one’s own homeland’s, Cornwall’s, gigantic traditions; both areas have been influenced by the Phoenicians. One of the more interesting sources on ancient oriental mineral worship is Abu-al-Mundhir Hisham ibn-Muhammad ibn-al-Sa’ib ibn-Bishr al-Kalbi`s “The Book of Idols”, which, both as regards subject matter, obscurity, & period, is disturbingly close to the Kitab Al Azif.
That the legends of titanic beings be rationalized by extant cyclopean statuary & gigantotomy has been examined with Germanic thoroughness by von Juntz; but what is one, then, to make of Professor Webb’s minuscule “Tulu” figurine?
 Professor Sadowsky even states that medival Jews identified “Chdl” (as it is rightly transliterated from the Hebrew) with Hell, presumably due to influence from the Augustinian idea of evil merely being the absence of Good. Cthulhus, or Tulus, with which Sadowsky himself identifies Chdl, status as a hibernating or “undead” entity would make such embarrassingly negative categorization blessedly appropriate, until the Stars Be Made Right anyway.
Though slightly at a remove from ones topic, it was, notably, the Medival askenazi, “Rashi”, who was the first to call that perfidious enemy of all Jewery, Dagon, a fish. It would be at an ever greater remove to deal with Hasidic aquatic metempsychosical lore.
Modern-day Edomites of a sensitive disposition should keep in mind that, according to ones personal researches, the term is no longer of common usage amongst the Sephardim; in spite of the horrors & betrayals of latter centuries.
 Our only other record of this “De laudibus indefunctorum” is in the dubious X book of Virgilius Maro Grammaticus “Epitomae”. K. Simlak has considered Virgilius possible Jewish origins in his 1988 essay “The third Virgil: A Jewish satirist in the Dark Ages?”: that aside, this amusing literary practical joker flourished before the Byzantine Necronomicon, but “De laudibus indefunctorum” may have been used afterwards as an alternate, safer title, amongst initiates; just as its reputed author, “Galbungus”, one of Virgilius many outlandish pseudo-authorities, may have suffered the sad fate of becoming a cover name for the Mad Arab.
 Newfangled theory & technology, such as the rotundity of our Earth, or spectacles, would be out of place in a realm evidently inspired by the Old Testament. One also recalls the phobia of fairies against such, for them, novelties as iron or Catholicism.
 Known from R. Benjamin of Tudela. Modern commentators have identified them with the Ghuze tribe of the Seldjuk hordes, but admit to some wonderment at why R. Benjamin should brand them Zephyrrites, as the Ghuzes were good Ishmaelites.
 “And when this evil wind blows which drives them into the Sea of Nikpa, they wrap themselves up in the skins, which they make waterproof, and, armed with knives, plunge into the sea. A great bird called the griffin spies them out, and in the belief that the sailor is an animal, the griffin seizes hold of him, brings him to dry land, and puts him down on a mountain or in a hollow in order to devour him. The man then quickly thrusts at the bird with a knife and slays him. Then the man issues forth from the skin and walks till he comes to an inhabited place. And in this manner many a man escapes.”
Yet another possible borrowing from R. Benjamin, or from Necronomical concepts such as “Night-gaunts” or “Shantak-birds”.
A slightly less obvious origin is the Tibethan plateau-home of King Gesar